Last year, we posted about the Supreme Court of Florida’s decision in Estate of McCall v. United States, 134 So. 3d 894 (Fla. 2014), which held that caps on noneconomic damages in wrongful death medical negligence cases were unconstitutional under the equal protection clause of the Florida Constitution. In a recent case, North Broward Hospital District v. Kalitan, the Fourth District Court of Appeal, which encompasses both Palm Beach and Broward County, addressed a question that remained in the wake of McCall: whether the reasoning in McCall applies with equal force to noneconomic damages caps in personal injury medical negligence cases. In a decision with a far-reaching impact, the Fourth District Court of Appeal concluded that it does, and it held that noneconomic damages caps in personal injury medical negligence cases are also unconstitutional.
The events that led to the Kalitan litigation occurred in 2007. That year, the plaintiff in this action went to North Broward Hospital District for outpatient surgery to treat carpal tunnel syndrome in her wrist. The procedures required the plaintiff to be placed under general anesthesia. During intubation, which was required for administration of the anesthesia, the plaintiff’s esophagus was perforated. Prior to this incident, the plaintiff had never had bodily pain beyond symptoms associated with carpal tunnel. After awaking from the procedure, the plaintiff complained of severe pain in her chest and back. The anesthesiologist was notified. Unaware of the perforation, the anesthesiologist ordered that the plaintiff be administered a drug for chest pain. The plaintiff was later discharged, and a friend drove her home. The following day, the friend went to check on the plaintiff and found her unresponsive. The friend took the plaintiff to the emergency room, where the perforation was discovered. The plaintiff was rushed for emergency surgery. The plaintiff was in a drug-induced coma for several weeks thereafter and had to undergo several more surgeries and intensive physical therapy. She continues to suffer with persistent physical pain and mental disorders arising from the trauma that occurred.